Climate Plan (2014)

The Climate Plan describes the danger of runaway warming and constitutes a plan of action that is comprehensive and effective enough to stand a chance of reducing the threat of runaway warming, with obvious benefits for the environment and for species threatened with extiction.

Besides this, the proposed action will also save people money, will improve people's health and safety, will increase security of food and fresh water supply, will make energy supply and the electric grid more efficient, safe, robust and reliable, will reduce perceived needs for military forces to police fuel supply lines globally, and will create numerous local job and investment opportunities.

Please support, follow and discuss the Climate Plan at

An Effective and Comprehensive Climate Plan

Given the lack of action on climate change, any regulatory action may seem welcome. Nonetheless, if we have a say in the matter, why not advocate what we believe are the best policies? This Climate Plan blog offers an opportunity for people to jointly support an effective and comprehensive Climate Plan.

Feebates typically are the most effective way to achieve the necessary shifts, and they generally are best implemented locally. Some lines of action may require a more international approach, which is particularly applicable to the manegement of surplus heat that has been built up over the years, as illustrated in the above image under part 2.

Importantly, for a climate plan to be both comprehensive and effective, these different parts and each of their associated lines of action should be implemented simultaneously.

Why local feebates?

A carbon tax is more straight forward and effective than cap-and-trade or standards. Since sales taxes are quite common, a carbon tax can often be implemented in the same way, i.e. added as a percentage and collected alongside existing sales taxes. However, the name carbon tax is somewhat confusing, since a comprehensive climate plan should cover more than just carbon dioxide. The term tax can also be a barrier for many who fear that tax money may be wasted within a government bureaucracy. Also, the effectiveness of policies could be further increased by earmarking revenues for specific purposes that help combat climate change. This makes the term 'fees' more appropriate than 'taxes'. Finally, rebates typically are the best way to help clean products increase their market share. In conclusion, the most effective way to make the transition to clean products is by implementing local feebates, i.e. combinations of fees and rebates. In each case, a local feebate will facilitate the transition from specific polluting products to clean alternatives, by imposing fees on sales of the polluting products as a percentage of the price, while each time using the revenues exclusively to fund rebates on products that are both sold locally and constitute clean alternatives to the polluting products.

How are local feebates best implemented?

For reasons of accountability, it's best for revenues to go into a Feebate (Trust) Fund under federal authority, but as long as sufficient progress is made to combat climate change at state level, administration of feebates within a state can best be handled by the respective state. States can thus to a large extent decide the level of fees and support, as well as what mix of policies they feel will work best where. Where such progress is lacking, the federal authority can resume control and decide to direct (part of) revenues to federal programs, such as construction of high speed rail tracks that cross state borders, waste management in national parks, federal research grants into ways to combat climate change, etc.

State administrators can similarly decide to delegate their authority to local levels, allowing each local council to implement feebates believed to work best in the respective area. And similarly, state administrators can resume control in case of a lack of progress in a specific area, and direct the revenues to state programs.

Local feebates, is that all we need?

An important part of the plan is the possibility that federal government could resume control over the revenues of fees collected within a state. This will help get all states on board. The same goes where states delegate their authority to local councils.

Will it work internationally? 

One would think that it is obvious for countries to agree to support the most effective ways to make the necessary changes. In addition, the way the plan works allows a maximum amount of flexibility for each country to implement the policies they want, on the premise that each country does intend to make genuine changes domestically (as opposed to seeking to source out their responsibilities).

To ensure that each country does make the necessary changes, sanctions could be included as part of international treaties on trade. Such sanctions could be quite simple to implement, e.g. where a country fails to take effective action, countries that export products to such a country could impose fees at the border and spend the revenues at their own discretion.

Internationally, action is also needed to reduce the impact of shipping and aviation, while it is furthermore necessary to reverse ocean acidification, act on the threat of methane releases from clathrates, etc. Given the international nature of such issues, feebates may seem less applicable and there may seem less need to delegate the implementation to local levels. Yet, the concept of feebates is helpful, as it can overcome budget concerns, while it can also enable many operational decisions to be taken at the local level where the action is to be implemented. As an example, where sufficient funding is lacking, fees could be imposed on international flights (in addition to the fees on fuel and airplanes that are part of the feebates discussed above) and the revenues could be applied directly and exclusively to support such international causes. International agreement on what action is needed and how funding can be raised can do a lot to help speed up implementation of the necessary action at local level.

Why this Climate Plan should be supported

This Climate Plan offers a great amount of flexibility for each individual country to choose the policies they want, and in fact recommends countries to delegate the action to states and local level. This, and the effectiveness of the proposed policies make that this Climate Plan has a good chance to become widely accepted across the globe.

In other words, the Climate Plan does not prescribe feebates, it merely recommends feebates, for a number of reasons. The Climate Plan intends to follow implementation of feebates around the world, in an effort to share experiences and thus help anyone find attractive ways to accomplish the necessary shifts.

Feebates can be implemented in budget-neutral ways, while the administrative framework is already in place,  i.e. implementation can take place on the back of sales taxes, vouchers, tax returns and other policy instruments that are already commonly used all over the world.

Their effectiveness can make that feebates can accomplish the rapid shifts that are necessary in the light of catastrophic climate developments that will take without action.

More discussion of the benefits of feebates can be viewed at the blog at and the Action Plan is also discussed at this page and this post at the Arctic-news blog.

Once more, if we have a say in the matter, why not advocate the policies that works best?

The green lines of action each need to be implemented in parallel, i.e. no line of action should wait for another, nor should action on one line be used as an excuse to delay action on another line. Where lines of action are grouped together in three parts, numbers merely show relationships with the kinds of warming pictured at the top of the image.

Why this Climate Plan must be supported

While Earth as a whole is experiencing global warming, warming in the Arctic is taking place much more rapidly. Accelerated warming in the Arctic threatens to destabilize methane stored in the form of hydrates and free gas in sediments underneath the Arctic Ocean, in a vicious spiral triggering further methane releases and escalating into a third kind of warming: runaway global warming. The risk that this situation poses is intolerable, as further described at the Feedbacks page.

For more details on the necessary action, view the Action page, and for more details on recommended policy, view the Policies page.

How to support this Climate Plan

You are encouraged to share this post and the images widely. You can add a link back to this post, at and invite people to add their names here. It would be extremely helpful if celebrities, politicians, economists and people who are well known in the scientific community would add their names.

If you enter your name and email address in a comment, your name (without email address) can be added on the support page, at admin's discretion. If you like, you can add some further details about yourself, and you can also add suggestions as to how you believe the plan could be improved.


  1. No mention of overpopulation? Did I miss it?
    We must not merely stabilize the current excess numbers, we must reduce our numbers as quickly & humanly as possible because if we don't, then all other efforts to reduce our impact & reduce C02 emissions will fail. Our numbers will be reduced, its not a question of if but when.

    Will we continue this devastating effort to feed an ever growing population destroying most of it & turning the planet into a human feed lot but still not avoiding devastating collapse or will we choose to sharply limit the size of our families so they can have a decent future & not the horror we are making for ourselves & the rest of life?

    1. Contributors to the Arctic-News Blog each express their own views, so not everyone may agree on this issue. Anyway, Sam Carana, author of the Climate Plan, combines a global commitment to action with implementation that is preferably local. In other words, the Climate Plan seeks global commitment to comprehensive and effective action to reduce catastrophic climate change, and recommends specific policies and approaches how best to achieve this, while largely leaving it up to local communities to decide what each works best for them, provided they do indeed make the progress necessary to reach agreed targets.

    2. Population is mostly locked in and will peak but something we can do now is refuse to eat meat
      If you love animals and the planet this will reduce emissions faster than renewables.

  2. I am very glad to see Renewables as hopeful solution-plan is gaining traction!
    Needed immediately 'if not sooner'!

    Stanford Report, January 26, 2011
    "The world can be powered by alternative energy, using today's technology, in 20-40 years, says Stanford researcher Mark Z. Jacobson A new study – co-authored by Stanford researcher Mark Z. Jacobson and UC-Davis researcher Mark A. Delucchi – analyzing what is needed to convert the world's energy supplies to clean and sustainable sources says that it can be done with today's technology at costs roughly comparable to conventional energy. But converting will be a massive undertaking on the scale of the moon landings. What is needed most is the societal and political will to make it happen. "

    Stanford Professor Mark Jacobson at Pathways to 100% Renewable Energy Conference
    last 100 years, 100 million died too soon! 13mins 

    w/ Mark A. Ruffalo, Marco Krapels, and Mark Z. Jacobson 1hour

  3. This Climate Plan is brilliant. This deserves the widest possible publicity.

  4. Sam, Thanks for your excellent work work and keeping us better informed. Happy to be listed as a supporter. Cllr Shane Collins
    Leader of the Green Party group on Mendip District Council. Director of the Green Gathering festival.